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Cardiology is the medical specialty that focuses on diseases affecting the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels. Board certified veterinary cardiologists have been specially trained in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases and are certified through rigorous examinations.

To become certified in cardiology, a licensed veteran must complete a minimum of three additional years of training, in an accredited advanced training program following the completion of four years of veterinary medical school. Following this additional training, a series of demanding examination must be passed to obtain certification. The exams are administered by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Specialty of Cardiology (DACVIM - Cardiology).

All cardiology training programs, called residences, are accredited by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) to ensure consistency and high standard. All board certified cardiologist have undergone extensive training in echocardiography (ultrasound examination of the heart), angiocardiography (evaluation of blood flow in the heart and great vessels by the use of dyes), radiology (X-Rays), and electrocardiography (ECG) to allow the diagnosis of specific diseases affecting the heart.

Board certified cardiologists are also trained in the medical treatment and the management of heart disease as well as in minimally invasive methods (non-surgical) of correcting certain diseases of the heart, called interventional cardiology.